The bill was lauded as a step forward in protecting the civil liberties of ordinary, law abiding Americans while defending American interests from foreign threats. It received support from the Obama administration and major tech companies — including Google, Apple and Yahoo.
Privacy advocates asserted the bulk collection of American phone records, which had been procedural for almost a decade and continues today, had done very little to thwart foreign terrorism threats and attacks. Earlier claims that the programs helped to prevent more than 50 attacks were rebuked last December when a panel assembled by the White House found that the program was not essential to preventing terrorism (and, in fact, had never done so).
More than a year and a half after the clandestine domestic surveillance programs were exposed by whistleblower Edward Snowden, the U.S. Senate chose to block the progression of the only domestic surveillance reform legislation presented before it.
What follows is a list of the 42 elected officials who voted against moving forward on significant domestic surveillance reform, along with their social media handles and a link to send them a message on Twitter.